Ailments related to the shoulder-joint are very common. They are most frequently caused by overloads, repetitive micro-overloads and damages of the surrounding soft tissue, that occur every day or during sport activities.

Shoulder pain can be caused by age-increasing osteoarthritic changes, although shoulder osteoarthritis is less common than in other joints. If shoulder-joint damage occurs, it is followed by a pain, inflammation and a feeling of joint instability, that prevent normal functionality of a limb.

Shoulder joint connects upper limb with a torso and shows the widest range of movement among any joints of the human body. It consists of acromioclavicular, glenohumeral, sternoclavicular joints and subacromial space. Each of above-mentioned structures can cause pain of an entire shoulder and significantly limit the mobility of your upper limb.

Treating shoulder joint injuries can be conservative. Properly conducted rehabilitation together with anti-inflammatory therapy can be effective in some shoulder damages and with low level of pain. However, in many cases, when there is a huge dislocation or fracture of a ligament, the best solution is surgery.

In case of surgery indication, in the Carolina Medical Center we use wide range of arthroscopic procedures,that allow perfect assessment of damaged soft tissue, renovation of a damage or removal of destroyed joint elements, as well as osteoarthritic changes.

Examples of procedures conducted in the Carolina Medical Center regarding shoulder joint:

  • diagnostic arthroscopy of a shoulder joint
  • arthroscopy and bursoscopy of a shoulder joint – arthroscopic decompression, joint arthroplasty
  • arthroscopic reconstruction of a subscapularis muscle – partial or total damage, biceps tenodesis
  • arthroscopic reconstruction of a rotator cuff, simple and complex, with biceps tenodesis and shoulder-end of a collarbone
  • arthroscopic stabilisation of an acromioclavicular joint
  • arthroscopic stabilisation of a shoulder joint – simple, complex
  • rotator cuff reconstruction – open, with a transfer of the tendons
  • one-time arthroscopic stabilisation of a joint and cuff reconstruction
  • reinsertion of the greater pectoral muscle
  • arthroscopic anastomosis of a broken shoulder acetabulum
  • anastomosis of broken: greater tubercle/exfoliation of a humerus, a head of a shoulder bone – simple and complex, a collarbone, using intramedullary stabilisation TEN or dedicated plate, blade acetabulum, a core of the humerus bone
  • total or partial joint replacement.


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