ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY CLINIC
A hip is the most mobile joint of lower limb, that moves on many different surfaces, crossing the middle of a joint. Theoretically, this joint has an infinite number of axes. Connected with a highly developed and complicated muscular system it allows us to perform precise and smooth locomotor moves.
Osteoarthritic changes of a hip joint are caused by over-use and damages of a cartilage of a head of the thighbone and acetabulum, which makes two exposed bone areas to rub against each other. As a result of joint damages, pains, stiffness, instability and even significant limitations of movement range occurs.
Example procedures conducted in the Carolina Medical Center within hip and groin:
- total hip replacement
- resurfacing of a hip joint
- revision of a hip joint
- arthroscopy of a hip joint (CAM), complex (mixed conflict)
- arthroscopic iliotibial band release (a snapping hip syndrome)
- arthroscopic reconstruction of a gluteal muscle insertion
- sports hernia, stomach muscles surgeries, nerve release
- muscle insertion reconstruction – partial and chronic
- exfoliation of a head of a thighbone
- subcapitular and petrochanteric fracture of a thighbone (bolts stabilization, dynamic hip screw, intramedullary) within a pelvis
- fatigue fracture within a pelvis – revitalisation.
HIP JOINT ANATOMY
Hip joints connects two bones – thighbone (thigh) and pelvis. A pelvis has two cavities called acetabulum, one for each side. A head of a thighbone is strongly connected with an acetabulum, forming a spherical hip joint, that allow lower limb to move forward, backward, sideways and rotary.
An acetabulum and a head of a thighbone are covered with a layer of a cartilage. It protects bones during loads and allows for smooth and free movements in every direction with minimal friction.
A thighbone and a pelvis are connected via complex ligamentous system. It has a particular significance for a stability of a hip joint, protecting it from movements that exceed their usual range.
Muscles surrounding a hip joint have two functions. They provide a hip joint with energy for it to move in every directions, and stabilise an entire lower limb during standing, walking and other activities.
Opis: Budowa stawu biodrowego bez zmian zwyrodnieniowych.
Opis: Budowa stawu biodrowego ze zmianami zwyrodnieniowymi.